Nursing Care of Hypertension in the Elderly with a Focus on Study of Activity Intolerance in Dr. R. Soetijono Blora Hospital

Warijan Warijan, Teguh Wahyudi, Yuni Astuti, Risma Dwi Rahayu

Abstract


With the increasing life expectancy of the Indonesian population, it can be estimated that the incidence of degenerative diseases is increasing. Based on basic health research, hypertension is the most degenerative disease in the elderly with a prevalence of 57.6% at ages 65-74 years and 63.8% aged>75 years. Hypertension causes the elderly to experience fatigue or weakness.The purpose of this study is to describe the nursing care of hypertension in the elderly with a focus on activity intolerance studies. This research design uses a descriptive research approach. The subjects used were 2 patients who had inclusion criteria; individuals with hypertension aged 60-90 years and willing to be the subject of case studies, exclusion criteria; individuals are not willing to be the subject of research and have special handling diseases. Data collection was carried out by interview, observation, physical examination and nursing documentation.The results were obtained through nursing care in both patients, where both patients had hypertension with a diagnosis of activity intolerance with different levels of activity independence. So given the nursing action physical activity therapy according to patient tolerance. Conclusions from the results of the study are that it is important to choose and provide the stages of activity needs, education and pay attention to the safety of the elderly.Suggestions submitted, the hospital should prevent accidents in elderly patients. For nurses, education should improve the fulfillment of the activity needs of patients and families.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Agustin, E.D., (2017). Asuhan Keperawatan Pada Klien yang Mengalami Hipertensi dengan Intoleransi Aktivitas di Ruang Krisan RSUD Bangil Pasuruan. (online). (repo.stikesicme.jbg.ac.id/157/1/EVI DIAH AGUSTIN.pdf diakses tanggal 11 September 2019).

Arifin, M.H.B., Weta, I.W., & Ratnawati, N.L.K.A. (2016). Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Hipertensi pada Kelompok Lanjut Usia di Wilayah Kerja UPT Puskesmas Petang I Kabupaten Badung Tahun 2016. E-Jurnal Medika (online), Vol. 5 No. 7, (https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eum/article/view/21559/14262 diakses tanggal 15 September 2019).

Aspiani, R.Y. (2014). Buku Ajar Asuhan Keperawatan Klien Gangguan Kardiovaskuler Aplikasi NIC & NOC. Jakarta : EGC.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2018). Umur Harapan Hidup Saat Lahir (UHH) Menurut Provinsi, 2010-2018 (online). (https://www.bgps.go.id/dynamictable/2018/04/16/1298/angka-harapan-hidup-saat-lahir-menurut-provinsi-2010-2017.html diakses tanggal 10 September 2019).

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah. (2017). Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 2017 (online). (https://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/profil/PROFIL_KES_PROVINSI_2017/13_Jateng_2017.pdf diakses tanggal 8 Sepetember 2019).

Doenges, E.M., Moorhouse, M.F., & Geissler, A.C. Tanpa tahun. Rencana Asuhan Keperawatan Pedoman untuk Perencanaan dan Pendokumentasian Perawatan Pasien. Terjemahan oleh I Made Kariasa & Ni Made Sumarwati. 2012. Jakarta : EGC.

Hasanudin, Ardiyani, V.M & Perwiraningtyas, P. (2018). Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Tekanan Darah Pada Masyarakat Penderita Hipertensi di Wilayah Tlogosuryo Kelurahan Tlogomas Kecamtaan Lowokwaru Kota Malang, Nursing News (online), Vol. 3 No. 1, (https://publikasi.unitri.ac.id/index.php/fikes/article/870/662 diakses tanggal 03 November 2019).

Hidayat, A.A. & Uliyah, M. (2014). Pengantar Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia Edisi 2 Buku I. Jakarta : Salemba Medika.

Imron. (2014). Metodologi Penelitian Bidang Kesehatan Edisi Kedua. Jakarta : Penerbit Sageng Seto.

Kasiati & Rosmalawati, N.W. (2016). Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia 1. Jakarta : Pusdik SDM Kesehatan.

Kholifah, S.N. (2016). Keperawatan Gerontik. Jakarta : Pusdik SDM Kesehatan Badan PPSDMK.

Majid, A. (2017). Asuhan Keperawatan Pada Pasien Dengan Gangguan Sistem Kardiovaskuler. Yogyakarta : Pustaka Baru Press.

Manurung. (2018). Keperawatan Medikal Bedah Konsep Mind Mapping dan NANDA NIC NOC Jilid 1. Jakarta : Trans Info Media.

Masturoh, I. & Anggita, N. (2018). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta : Pusat Pendidikan Sumber Daya Manusia Kesehatan.

Mujahidullah, K. (2012). Keperawatan Geriatrik Merawat Lansia Dengan Cinta & Kasih Sayang. Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar.

Nugroho, H.W. (2017). Keperawatan Gerontik & Geriatrik. Jakarta : EGC.

Nurhidayat, Saiful. (2015). Asuhan Keperawatan Pada Pasien Hipertensi. Ponorogo : UNMUH Ponorogo Press.

Pusat Data dan Informasi. (2016). Situasi Lanjut Usia (Lansia) di Indonesia. Jakarta : Kementrian Kesehtan Republik Indonesia

Rakhmawati, S. (2013). Hubungan Antara Derajat Hipertensi Pada Pasien Usia Lanjut Dengan Komplikasi Organ Target Di RSUP Kariadi Semarang Periode 2008-2012. (online), (

Ramadhanti, D. (2016). Gambaran Pengetahuan Perawat Tentang Manajemen Pelayanan Hospital Homecare di RSUD Al-Ihsan Provinsi Jawa Barat. Jurnal Pendidikan Keperawatan Indonesia, (online), Vol. 3 No. 1, (https://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/JPKI/article/view/7488 diakses tanggal 25 September 2019).

Saputra, O. & Anam, K. (2016). Gaya Hidup Sebagai Faktor Risiko Hipertensi Pada Masyarakat Pesisir Pantai. Jurnal Universitas Lampung, (online), Vol. 5 No. 4, (https://juke.kedokteran.unila.ac.id/index.php/majority/artickle/viewFile/1047/842 diakses tanggal 10 September 2019).

Sarfika, R., Maisa, E.A., & Freska, W. (2018). Buku Ajar Keperawatan Dasar 2. Padang : Andalas University Press.

Setiadi. (2013). Konsep & Praktik Penulisan Riset Keperawatan. Yogyakarta : Graha Ilmu.

Subagiartha, I.M. & Darmaliputra, K. (2016). Monitoring Hemodinamik Melalui Tekanan Vena Sentral. (online), (https://simdos.unud.ac.id/uploads/file_penelitian_1_dir diakses tanggal 28 April 2020.

Sunaryo, Wijayanti, R., Kuhu, M.M., Sumedi, T., Widayanti, E.D., Sukrillah, U.A, Riyadi, S., & Kuswati, A. (2016). Asuhan Keperawatan Gerontik. Yogyakarta : Andi Offset.

Sya’diyah, H. (2018). Keperawatan Lanjut Usia. Sidoarjo : Indomedia Pustaka.

Tim Pokja SDKI. (2016). Standar Diagnosis Keperawatan Indonesia. Jakarta : DPP PPNI.

Ajeng Titah, N., Mardiyono, M Choiroel, A., Ari, S., & Irma HY, S. (2019). Effectiveness Combination of Foot Care with Active Range of Motion (ROM) and Plantar Exercise for Reducing Diabetic Foot Ulcer Risk in Diabetes Mellitus Type II. Journal of Endocrinology and Diabetes, 6(2), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.15226/2374-6890/6/2/001131

Purnomo, H., Muawanah, & Mudhofar, M. N. (2020). Perbedaan Mobilisasi Dini 6 Jam dan 8 Jam Terhadap Peristaltik Usus Pada Pasien Pendahuluan Metode Penelitian. Jurnal Studi Keperawatan, 1(1), 6–9. http://ejournal.poltekkes-smg.ac.id/ojs/index.php/J-SiKep/article/view/5645

Purnomo, H., Mudhofar, M. N., Normawati, A. T., & Suprasno, L. (2020). Jurnal Studi Keperawatan Pengaruh Latihan Peregangan Kaki Terhadap Pengisian Kapiler Pada Penderita Luka Ulkus Diabetes. Jurnal Studi Keperawatan, 1(1).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/j-sikep.v2i1.6805

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 890
Download PDF : 393

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Studi Keperawatan  (e-ISSN: 2722-9289), is published by Keperawatan Blora, Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang, Jl. Gatot Subroto No.119, Kajangansawan, Sonorejo, Kec. Blora, Kabupaten Blora, Jawa Tengah 58213


Flag Counter