Karakteristik Orang Tua dan Status Perkembangan Anak Usia 30-72 Bulan

Rica Anjayani, Sri Rahayu, Tecky Afifah Santi Amartha

Abstract


The prevalence of developmental deviations in children aged 5 years in Indonesia reported by WHO in 2016 was 7,512.6 per 100,000 population (7.51%). In PAUD Permata UNDIP there are 1.7% of children aged 30-72 months with deviant development. Development is influenced by internal and external factors. The aim of the study was determined the analysis of factors that influence the developmental status of children aged 30-72 months at PAUD Permata UNDIP. The research used a quantitative, analytic research design with a cross-sectional approach. The population of this study were all pre-school children and mothers who had children aged 30-72 months at Permata UNDIP PAUD, Semarang City, Central Java. The sampling technique used the total sampling technique so that 49 samples were obtained. Data collection used a questionnaire given to the students' mothers as well as a pre-screening developmental questionnaire (KPSP).The results show that the p value of the mother's education level is 0.000; mother's occupation 0.001; history of exclusive breastfeeding 0.001; child nutritional status 0.000; BBLR status 0.000; with ɑ = 0.01 there is a significant relationship between the above variables and the developmental status of children aged 30-72 months. From the factors that have been studied, the mother's education level and low birth weight (LBW) status are factors that have a strong relationship. The higher the level of mother's education, the better knowledge will be produced so that it can reduce deviations in child development.The community was expected to monitor child development and collaborate with health workers using the KPSP check-list sheet

Keywords


child development status, KPSP, LBW,

Full Text:

PDF

References


Angela, S. (2018). Pengaruh riwayat lahir terhadap perkembangan anak prasekolah di surakarta. Jurnal Wawasan Kesehatan, 3(2), 51–56.

Depkes, R. (2016). Pedoman Pelaksanaan Stimulasi, Deteksi dan lntervensi Dini Tumbuh Kembang Anak. In Bakti Husada.

Dewi, C. (2022). Stimulasi Tumbuh Kembang Anak.

Dewi, D. L., Rahayu, S., Putri, N. R., Nugrahaeni, I. K., & Faculty, M. (2021). Journal of Midwifery Science : Basic and Applied Research. 3, 46–50.

Fitri, D. M., & Kristian, N. (2021). Hubungan Pemberian Asi Eksklusif, Pendidikan Orang Tua, Dan Riwayat Badan Lahir Dengan Pertumbuhan Dan Perkembangan Pada Bayi Usia 7-12 Bulan Di Pmb.Jurnal Kesehatan Dan Kebidanan

Herlina, S. (2019). Hubungan Lingkungan Pengasuhan Dan Pekerjaan Ibu Terhadap Perkembangan Bayi 6-12 Bulan. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 1(2).

Imas Masturoh, N. A. T. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kesehatan (2018th ed.). Kemenkes RI.

Khofiyah, N. (2019). Hubungan antara status gizi dan pola asuh gizi dengan perkembangan anak usia 6-24 bulan. Jurnal Riset Kebidanan Indonesia, 3(1), 37–48. https://doi.org/10.32536/jrki.v3i1.53

Lestari, E. S. (2021). Hubungan Asi Eksklusif Dan BBLR Dalam Pertumbuhan Bayi Usia 1-2 Tahun. Syntax Idea, 3(1), 80–97.

Lutur, Jane Kristin, Julia Rottie, and R. H. (2016). Perbedaan Pemberian Asi Ekslusif Dan Asi Non Ekslusif Dengan Perubahan Berat Badan Pada Bayi Di Puskesmas Bahu Manado. E-Journal Keperawatan, 4(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.35790/jkp.v4i2.12870

Misniarti, S. H. (2022). Faktor-faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Ibu Dalam Melakukan Stimulasi Tumbuh Kembang Pada AnakToddler Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kabupaten Rejang Lebong. Journal of Nursing and Public Health, 10(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.37676/jnph.v10i1.2374

Nabila, A., Puspitasari, C. E., & Erwinayanti, G. A. . S. (2020). Gambaran Status Gizi dan Perkembangan Motorik Anak Usia 3-5 Tahun Di Kelurahan Pulutan Salatiga. Jurnal Sains Dan Kesehatan, 2(4), 242–247. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25026/jsk.v2i4.251

Putri Mutiara, I. (2018). Analisi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perkembangan balita di Desa Tirtosari Kecamatan Kretek Bantul Yogyakarta. Jurnal IImu Kebidanan, 8(15), 1–15.

Putri, Y. R., Lazdia, W., & Putri, L. O. E. (2018). Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perkembangan Anak Balita Usia. Real in Nursing Journal, 1(2), 84–94. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.32883/rnj.v1i2.264

Rahayu, S., Suherni, T., & Runjati. (2015). SPA Baby Influence on Weight Gain and Development of Infants Aged 3-6 Months. In Link (Vol. 11, Issue 2, pp. 989–994).

Rahmadhani, S. P., Yunola, S., & Silaban, T. D. S. (2021). Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan Ibu, Stimulasi, dan Status Gizi dengan Perkembangan Motorik Anak Usia 4-5 Tahun. Journal of Health Science, 1(2), 1–9. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.54816/jhs.v1i2.338

RI, K. (2018). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2018. Kemenkes RI.

Riyadi, E. K. S., & Sundari, S. (2020). Tingkat Pengetahuan Orang Tua Tentang Stimulasi Perkembangan Anak Pra Sekolah Usia 60-72 Bulan. Jurnal Ilmu Kebidanan, 6(2), 59–75.

Schart, J.R., Stroustrup, A., Conaway, M.R., DeBoer, M. D. (2016). Growth and development in children born very low birthweight, Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal. BMJ JOURNALS, 101(5). https://doi.org/10.1136

Soetjiningsih, Ign, N. G. R. (2015). Konsep Tumbuh Kembang (2nd ed.). Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Unicef. (2018). Ringkasan Kajian Pendidikan dan Perkembangan Anak Usia Dini. In Jurnal Pendidikan. Unicef.

Warseno, A. (2019). Tingkat Pendidikan Ibu Memiliki Hubungan Dengan Status Perkembangan Motorik Halus Anak Usia Prasekolah. Jurnal Keperawatan Malang, 4(1), 57–66. https://doi.org/10.36916/jkm.v4i1.83

Yanti, E., & Fridalni, N. (2020). Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perkembangan Motorik Anak Usia Prasekolah. Jurnal Kesehatan Medika Santika, 7(2), 108–113.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/micajo.v5i1.10729

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 57
Download PDF : 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Midwifery Care Journal, is published by UPP Kampus Kendal, Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang, Jl. Laut No 21a Kendal Jawa Tengah Indonesia Tlp 0294-381468 Fax 0294-381520 Email : micajo0310@poltekkes-smg.ac.id