Cadre Assistance in Improving Quality of Life Pregnant Women During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Christin Hiyana Tunggadewi, Ayuningtyas Ayuningtyas, Nuril Nikmawati, Mohammad Zen Rahfiludin

Abstract


The Covid-19 pandemic has become a non-natural disaster that has brought a lot of losses, and has been designated by the government as a national disaster. Pregnant women who were confirmed positive for Covid-19 in September 2020 were 4.9% of the total 1,483 confirmed cases. Vulnerable groups for Covid-19 infection are pregnant women, maternity, and newborns, which can increase the incidence of morbidity and mortality in mothers and babies. Pregnancy is a transitional period with important physical and emotional changes, the changes that occur can affect the quality of life of pregnant women and affect the health of mothers and babies. Modification of health services during the Covid-19 pandemic is needed when there is a change in essential health services, especially community-based health efforts by maximizing the function of health cadres. This type of research is a quasi-experimental with one group pre and post test with control group design. Sample number 15 pregnant women in the third trimester each group. The assistance of 1 cadre 1 pregnant women is carried out 1x/week for 3x, with activities including: learning material for the MCH Handbook as a substitute for classes for pregnant women, pregnancy exercise and providing material for service guidelines during the Covid-19 period. The research instrument is WHOQOL-BREF. The data normality test was carried out by Shapiro Wilk and the data analysis was carried out using the Wilcoxon Test. There is a significant effect of cadre assistance on the quality of life of pregnant women in the physical, psychological, social and environmental domains during the Covid-19 pandemic with p-value = 0.001 in all domains. The need for intensive assistance from health cadres to pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic to improve the quality of life.

 


Keywords


cadre; quality of life; pregnant women

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kemenkes RI, Pedoman pelayanan antenatal, persalinan, nifas, dan bayi baru lahir di Era Adaptasi Baru. Jakarta, 2020.

S. Naghizadeh and M. Mirghafourvand, “Archives of Psychiatric Nursing Relationship of fear of COVID-19 and pregnancy-related quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic,” Arch. Psychiatr. Nurs., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 364–368, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2021.05.006.

K. Kasus and K. A. B. Kota, “Analisis Data Covid-19 Indonesia,” no. November, 2021.

F. Alaya, A. P. Worrall, F. O’Toole, J. Doyle, R. M. Duffy, and M. P. Geary, “Health-related quality of life and quality of care in pregnant and postnatal women during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: A cohort study,” Int. J. Gynecol. Obstet., vol. 154, no. 1, pp. 100–105, 2021, doi: 10.1002/ijgo.13711.

P. Dashraath et al., “Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and pregnancy,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., vol. 222, no. 6, pp. 521–531, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2020.03.021.

N. Lagadec et al., “Factors influencing the quality of life of pregnant women: A systematic review 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services,” BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 2018, doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-2087-4.

M. Morin et al., “Health-related quality of life during pregnancy: A repeated measures study of changes from the first trimester to birth,” Acta Obstet. Gynecol. Scand., vol. 98, no. 10, pp. 1282–1291, 2019, doi: 10.1111/aogs.13624.

E. Muliati, “Pedoman Pelayanan Bagi Ibu Hamil, Bersalin, Nifas, Dan Bayi Baru Lahir di Era Pandemi COVID-19,” Kementrian Kesehat., pp. 3–4, 2020, [Online]. Available: https://www.ibi.or.id/media/Materi Webinar IBI - USAID Jalin Covid19/Kementerian Kesehatan_COVID_19_Pedoman.pdf.

Kemenkes RI, “Panduan Orientasi Kader Posyandu,” Direktorat Promosi Kesehat. dan Pemberdaya. Masy. Kementrerian Kesehat. RI, vol. 53, no. 9, p. 19, 2019.

H. Rosiana and A. Sundari, “Pengaruh Kader Terhadap Praktik Kesehatan Ibu Hamil Pada Masa Pademi Covid-9,” Midwifery Care J., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 21–26, 2021, [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.52103/jmch.v2i1.490.

C. G. P. Calou, A. K. B. Pinheiro, R. C. M. B. Castro, M. F. de Oliveira, P. de Souza Aquino, and F. J. Antezana, “Health Related Quality of Life of Pregnant Women and Associated Factors: An Integrative Review,” Health (Irvine. Calif)., vol. 06, no. 18, pp. 2375–2387, 2014, doi: 10.4236/health.2014.618273.

A. Dule, M. Hajure, M. Mohammedhussein, and Z. Abdu, “Health-related quality of life among Ethiopian pregnant women during COVID-19 pandemic,” Brain Behav., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1–9, 2021, doi: 10.1002/brb3.2045.

L. Hoang, L. Duc, L. Thi, H. Thu, and T. Nguyen, “Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID- 19 . The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect , the company ’ s public news and information ,” no. January, 2020.

Kemenkes RI, “Protokol Petunjuk Praktis Layanan Kesehatan Ibu dan Bayi Baru Lahir Selama Pandemi COVID-19,” Protok. Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan Covid-19 Ri, vol. 4, no. April, pp. 1–11, 2020, [Online]. Available: https://covid19.go.id/p/protokol/protokol-b-4-petunjuk-praktis-layanan-kesehatan-ibu-dan-bbl-pada-masa-pandemi-covid-19.

Depkes RI, Pedoman Pelaksanaan Kelas Ibu Hamil. Jakarta: Direktorat Jendral Bina Kesehatan Masyarakat Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 2009.

Notoatmodjo S, Pendidikan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2003.

A. Bedaso, J. Adams, W. Peng, and D. Sibbritt, “The relationship between social support and mental health problems during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Reprod. Health, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1–23, 2021, doi: 10.1186/s12978-021-01209-5.

J. Krzepota, D. Sadowska, and E. Biernat, “Relationships between physical activity and quality of life in pregnant women in the second and third trimester,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 1–12, 2018, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15122745.

L. Atkinson et al., “Encouraging physical activity during and after pregnancy in the COVID-19 era, and beyond,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 17, no. 19, pp. 1–9, 2020, doi: 10.3390/ijerph17197304.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jkb.v12i1.8028

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 277
Download PDF : 189

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Abstracted/Indexed by:

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Kebidanan by http://ejournal.poltekkes-smg.ac.id/ojs/index.php/jurkeb is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats