PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PUDING LIDAH BUAYA TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR KOLESTEROL TOTAL PENDERITA HIPERKOLESTEROLEMIA RAWAT JALAN PUSKEMAS GENUK KOTA SEMARANG

Rizki Dyah Anggraeni, Setyo Prihatin, Ana Yuliah Rahmawati

Abstract


Background  : Hypercholesterolemia is a condition in which the total blood cholesterol level exceeds the normal value reaching ≥200 mg / dl. To reduce total cholesterol levels can be done by regulating the intake of macro nutrients and micronutrients, one of which is fiber. Polysaccharide food fiber type hemicellulose which is glucomannan contained in aloe vera can reduce total cholesterol levels in the blood. Objective  : To know influence of giving aloe vera pudding on total cholesterol levels of Patients with Hypercholesterolemia Outpatient at Puskesmas Genuk Semarang City.Method  : This research used method quasi experimental with research design control group pre test post test. Taking sample on a random as many as 34 people for 2 groups that is treatment and control. The treatment group was given 100 grams of aloe vera for 14 days. Measurement of total cholesterol levels was carried out before and after the intervention. Fiber and fat intake subject before and during the intervention with 24-hour food recall method, while measurement activity physical use method IPAQ. Analysis statistics use Independent t-test, Paired t-test, and Anovarepeated measure.Result  : There were differences in changes in total cholesterol levels between groupstreatment and control were significant (p = 0.026) and there was a significant decrease in total cholesterol levels (p = 0.009) of -44.70 ± 56.51 in the treatment group given aloe vera pudding. Conclusion  : Giving 100 grams of aloe vera pudding for 14 days could decrease total cholesterol levels of hypercholesterolemia patients of Puskesmas Genuk Semarang City.

Keywords


glucomannan; total cholesterol levels; aloe vera; aloe vera pudding

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ayuandira A. Hubungan Pola Konsumsi Makan , Status Gizi , Hiperkolesterolemia Pada Karyawan Pt Semen Padang Tahun 2012 Hiperkolesterolemia Pada Karyawan Pt Semen Padang Tahun 2012. 2012;

Putri Va, Hariyono, Sari Ep. Gambaran Kadar Kolesterol Total Pada Lansia. J Insa Cendikia. 2016;4(1):34–9.

Muzakar, Dinarti K, Asturi H. Upaya Asupan Serat.Pdf. J Gizi Klin Indones. 2010;6.

Hartanto Es, Lubis Eh. Pengolahan Minuman Sari Lidah Buaya (Aloevera Linn). Bogor: Balai Besar Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Industri Hasil Pertanian; 2002. P. 29–35.

Sianipar Y, Isnawati M. Terhadap Kadar Kolesterol Low Density Lipoprotein ( Ldl ) Dan High Density Lipoprotein ( Hdl ). J Nutr Clolege. 2012;1(Ldl).

Malinti E, Jael Sa. Menurunkan Kadar Kolesterol Darah Dengan Gel Aloe Vera Linn. Sk Keperawatan. 2016;2(2):159–64.

Wirya Lpai. Pemberian Ekstrak Air Lidah Buaya (Aloe Vera L.) Memperbaiki Profil Lipid Darah Tikus Jantan Wistar Dengan Dislipidemia. Universitas Udayana Denpasar; 2012.

Setyaningtyas A. Pengaruh Suplementasi Agar-Agar Terhdap Kadar Kolesterol Total, Kolesterol Ldl, Kolesterol Hdl Dan Trigliserol Pada Serum Tikus Dengan Tinggi Lemak. Universitas Airlangga Surabaya; 2003.

Yoeantafara A, Martini S, Fakultas M, Masyarakat K, Airlangga U, Epidemiologi D, Et Al. Pengaruh Pola Makan Terhadap Kadar Kolesterol. :304–9.

Grundy Sm, Cleeman Ji, Merz Cnb, Brewer Hb, Clark Lt, Hunninghake Db, Et Al. Ncep Report National Cholesterol Education Program. J Am Coll Cardiol [Internet]. 2004;44(3):720–32. Available From: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1016/J.Jacc.2004.07.001

Ayuandira A. Hubungan Pola Konsumsi Makan , Status Gizi , Hiperkolesterolemia Pada Karyawan Pt Semen Padang Tahun 2012 Hiperkolesterolemia Pada Karyawan Pt Semen Padang Tahun 2012. 2012;

Putri Va, Hariyono, Sari Ep. Gambaran Kadar Kolesterol Total Pada Lansia. J Insa Cendikia. 2016;4(1):34–9.

Muzakar, Dinarti K, Asturi H. Upaya Asupan Serat.Pdf. J Gizi Klin Indones. 2010;6.

Hartanto Es, Lubis Eh. Pengolahan Minuman Sari Lidah Buaya (Aloevera Linn). Bogor: Balai Besar Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Industri Hasil Pertanian; 2002. P. 29–35.

Sianipar Y, Isnawati M. Terhadap Kadar Kolesterol Low Density Lipoprotein ( Ldl ) Dan High Density Lipoprotein ( Hdl ). J Nutr Clolege. 2012;1(Ldl).

Malinti E, Jael Sa. Menurunkan Kadar Kolesterol Darah Dengan Gel Aloe Vera Linn. Sk Keperawatan. 2016;2(2):159–64.

Wirya Lpai. Pemberian Ekstrak Air Lidah Buaya (Aloe Vera L.) Memperbaiki Profil Lipid Darah Tikus Jantan Wistar Dengan Dislipidemia. Universitas Udayana Denpasar; 2012.

Setyaningtyas A. Pengaruh Suplementasi Agar-Agar Terhdap Kadar Kolesterol Total, Kolesterol Ldl, Kolesterol Hdl Dan Trigliserol Pada Serum Tikus Dengan Tinggi Lemak. Universitas Airlangga Surabaya; 2003.

Yoeantafara A, Martini S, Fakultas M, Masyarakat K, Airlangga U, Epidemiologi D, Et Al. Pengaruh Pola Makan Terhadap Kadar Kolesterol. :304–9.

Grundy Sm, Cleeman Ji, Merz Cnb, Brewer Hb, Clark Lt, Hunninghake Db, Et Al. Ncep Report National Cholesterol Education Program. J Am Coll Cardiol [Internet]. 2004;44(3):720–32. Available From: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1016/J.Jacc.2004.07.001

Matondang Hf. Pengaruh Pemberian Sari Belimbing Wuluh. 2016.

Setiono Ly. Dislipidemia Pada Obesitas Dan Tidak Obesitas. 2012.

Lawrence Gd. Dietary Fats And Health : Dietary Recommendations In The Context Of Scienti Fi C Evidence 1. 2018;(June).

Fisik A, Pola Dan, Dengan M, Sentral O. Pada Tokoh Agama Di Kota Manado. 2012;4(1):289–98.

Leon As, Sanchez Oa. Alone Or Combined With Dietary Intervention. (52).

Rahma Musdalifa N, Wicaksono S, Studi Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Halu Oleo P, Histologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Halu Oleo B. Hubungan Indeks Massa Tubuh Dengan Kadar Kolesterol Total Pada Staf Dan Guru Sma Negeri 1 Kendari. 2017;4(2):361–7.

Soeharto I. Kolesterol & Lemak Jahat, Kolesterol & Lemak Baik Dan Proses Terjadinya. Kedua. Jakarta: Pt Gramedia Pustaka Utama Jakarta; 2002.

Maulida M, Mayasari D, Rahmayani F. Pengaruh Rasio Kolesterol Total Terhadap High Density Lipoprotein ( Hdl ) Pada Kejadian Stroke Iskemik The Influence Of Total Cholesterol Ratio Against High Density Lipoprotein ( Hdl ) In The Incidence Of Ischemic Stroke. 2018;7(21):214–8.

Pangan S, Fiber D, Manfaatnya Dan. Serat Pangan. 2011;(75):35–40.

Penelitian Ah, Dewi M, Aminah M. Indonesian Journal Of Human Nutrition. 2016;3(1):1–8.

Kartoni H, Haryanto J, Fauziningtyas R. Jurnal Kebidanan Menurunkan Kadar Kolesterol Total Darah Pada Lansia Hiperkolesterolemia Atau Dewasa Penderita Dislipidemia Berperan Penting Dalam Terjadinya Aterosklerosis Yang Merupakan Suatu Proses Degeneratif Dan Pada Lanjut Usia Pada Kelompok Umur La. 2017;Ix(1):1–14.

Nugraheni B, Cahyani Im, Herlyanti K. Efek Pemberian Glukomanan Umbi Porang ( Amorphophallus Oncophyllus Prain Ex Hook . F . ) Terhadap Kadar Kolesterol. :32–6.

Dana N, Javanmard Sh, Asgary S, Asnaashari H, Abdian N. The Effect Of Aloe Vera Leaf Gel On Fatty Streak Formation In Hypercholesterolemic Rabbits. J Res Med Sci. 2012;17(5):439–42.

Martino F, Martino E, Morrone F, Carnevali E, Forcone R, Niglio T. Effect Of Dietary Supplementation With Glucomannan On Plasma Total Cholesterol And Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol In Hypercholesterolemic Children. 2005;15(3):174–180.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jrg.v6i1.4301

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 929
Download PDF : 1230

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





Abstracted/Indexed by :

      

   

 Lisensi Creative Commons

Jurnal Riset Gizi oleh http://ejournal.poltekkes-smg.ac.id/ojs/index.php/jrg disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.

View My Stats