STATUS KESEHATAN GIGI & MULUT MASYARAKAT KABUPATEN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA BERDASARKAN FORMAT PEMERIKSAAN WHO ORAL HEALTH SURVEYS BASIC METHODS 5th EDITION

Emma Krisyudhanti

Abstract


One of the aims of Oral Health Global Goals 2020  is to reduce  missing tooth or tooth loss due to dental caries,  according with the fact that oral health problems that predominate in the world especially in Indonesia are tooth loss due to caries. Therefore an effort is needed to reduce the missing component through the implementation of good health services that are obtained from good planning, good planning is obtained from the existence of good data as well , good  oral health status data obtained from data collectors, instruments and standardized oral examination formats good too. The oral examination format from WHO Oral Health Basic Methods 5th Edition is the latest examination format to record various indicators of oral health status but has not been widely used in determining the oral health status of individuals or communities in Indonesia . Research purposes is to know the community oral health status of the North Central Timor District people in accordance with the latest examination format from WHO Oral Health Surveys Basic Methods 5th Edition. This is a descriptive survey research with a cross sectional design , which was carried out by taking 208 respondents from the community of 5 villages in North Central Timor District, such as Hauteas, Tes, Sainiup, North Oenenu and Homusu village..The  data obtained through direct examination by the dentist in the respondent's oral cavity to determine their oral  health status and recorded in the WHO Oral Health Surveys Basic Methods 5th Edition examination format. The data will be analyzed descriptively in accordance with the provisions set by WHO. The oral health status of  North Central Timor people are: Dentition status, on average there are 8 carious crowns and 10 exposed  roots, both carious and not carious. Periodontal status, on average they had 5 teeth with gingival bleeding  , whereas for gingival pocket, on average they had 6 teeth with deep gingival pocket 4- 5 mm . Loss of attachment status, on average there are at least 1 sextant with various conditions for periodontal tissue attachment loss, such as 4-5 mm, 6-8 mm, 9-11 mm , and  ≥ 12 mm attachment loss from the cemento enamel junction. There is no fluorosis status . Dental erosion status, about 16.19% of them had enamel erosion, and 4.37% had dentine erosion. The average number of teeth with enamel erosion are 12 teeth and those with erosion to the dentin on average are 7 teeth .Oral mucosal lesions, about 3.9% of them had stomatitis aphthous recurrent (SAR), and 1.3% of the people had suspected oral cancer. Denture status, only 0.43 % of the population uses partial removable teeth, and only in the maxilla, the rest there is no denture.Intervention urgency status, about 60.3% of the population need oral health care, but not urgent, about 15.53% of the population do not or do not need oral health care, about 5.24% of the population need oral health care urgently. There are oral health problems among NorthCentral Timor District people, such as carious crowns, exposed roots, gingival bleeding, gingival pocket, loss of attachment periodontal, dental erosion, oral mucosal lessions, and dentureless edentulous, so they need oral intervention.


Keywords


Status Kesehatan Gigi;oral health survey;WHO Oral Health Surveys Basic Methods

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jkg.v6i1.4401

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