Positive Profile of Acid-fast bacilli in Patients with Clinical Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis at the Semarang Public Health Center

Fitriani Kahar, Putri Anggraeni Novitasari, Irnawati Irnawati

Abstract


Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Until now, tuberculosis is still a public health problem in the world. Tuberculosis is a dangerous infectious disease, the healing process also takes a long time. Acid-fast bacilli examination is an examination to determine the presence or absence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. The factors that influence Tuberculosis patients are age, gender, education and occupation. The purpose is to knowing the description of AFB positivity in patients with clinical diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis at Balkesmas Semarang in 2020. This research was an observational study with descriptive research criteria through a retrospective approach. Results from 656 patients with clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis who underwent acid-fast bacilli examination, 220 patients (33.5%) were found positive and acid-fast bacilli were negative (64.5%). The results of the examination of acid-fast bacilli were positive with a scanty positivity degree of 3 patients (1.4%), acid-fast bacilli (+1) were 71 patients (32.3%), (+2) were 83 patients (37.7%), (+3) as many as 63 patients (28.6%). Based on the category of age 0-14 years as many as 1 patient (0.5%), 15-34 years as many as 78 patients (35.5%), 35-54 years as many as 96 patients (43.6%), 55-74 years as many as 44 patients (20%), >75 years as many as 1 patient (0.5%). Based on gender, there were 123 patients (56%) male and 97 female patients (44%). Conclusion the results of the examination of acid-fast bacilli were positive with a scanty positivity rate of 3 patients (1.4%), acid-fast bacilli (+1) 71 patients (32.3%), (+2) 83 patients (37.7%), (+3) 63 patients (28.5%). Based on gender with positive acid-fast bacilli, there were 123 male patients (56%) while female 97 patients (44%). Age with the most positive acid-fast bacilli results in the range 0–14 years 1 patient (0.5%), 15–34 years 78 patients (35.5%), 35-54 years 96 patients (43.6%), 55 –74 years.


Keywords


Acid fast bacili smear, Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Balai kesehatan masyarakat Semarang

References


Dewi, L. P. K. (2020). Pemeriksaan Basil Tahan Asam Untuk Membantu Menegakkan Diagnosis Penyakit Tuberkulosis. International Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, 1(1), 16. https://doi.org/10.23887/ijacr.v1i1.28716

Aditama TY. (2013). Pedoman nasional pengendalian tuberkulosis. Direktorat Jendral Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI

Dewi, L. P. K. (2020). Pemeriksaan Basil Tahan Asam Untuk Membantu Menegakkan Diagnosis Penyakit Tuberkulosis. International Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, 1(1), 16. https://doi.org/10.23887/ijacr.v1i1.28716

Dinkes Kota Semarang. (2018). Profil Kesehatan 2018. Semarang

Dinkes Kota Semarang. (2019). Profil Kesehatan 2019. Semarang

F.J, D. J., Sapulete, M. R., & Kandou, G. D. (2015). Hubungan faktor risiko umur, jenis kelamin, dan kepadatan hunian dengan kejadin TB paru di desa wori Kecamatan Wori. Jurnal Kedokteran Tropik, 1(3), 57–65.

Genakama, A. T., Hidayati, L., & Hadisuyatmana, S. (2019). Faktor Perilaku Pencegahan Penularan TB dengan Pendekatan Health Promotion Model. Indonesian Journal of Community Health Nursing, 4(2), 53. https://doi.org/10.20473/ijchn.v4i2.13056

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2014). Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan. Pedoman Nasional Pengendalian Tuberkulosis.

Namuwali, D. (2019). Karakteristik Demografi dan Kualitas Hidup Penderita TB Paru di Puskesmas Waingapu, Sumba Timur. Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan Suara Forikes, 10(2), 129–134.

Nurjana, M. A. (2015). Faktor Risiko Terjadinya Tubercolosis Paru Usia Produktif (15-49 Tahun) di Indonesia. Media Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, 25(3), 163–170.

Rachma, W. U., Makhfudli, & Wahyuni, S. D. (2021). Analisis Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Pencegahan Penularan pada Pasien Tuberkulosis Paru. Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah Bengkulu, 6(3), 137–149.

Samsugito, I., & Hambyah. (2018). Hubungan jenis kelamin dan lama kontak dengan kejadian tuberkulosis paru di rumah sakit a. Wahab sjahranie samarinda. Jurnal Kesehatan Pasak Bumi Kalimantan, 1(1), 29–40.

Sri Andayani. (2017). Prediksi Kejadian Penyakit Tuberkulosis Paru Berdasarkan Usia Di Kabupaten Ponorogo Tahun 2016-2020. Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences

Sumiati, D., & Budiharjo, T. (2019). Hasil Temuan Suspect BTA Sebelum dan Sesudah Program Ketuk Pintu oleh Kader Berdasarkan Kualitas Sampel Dahak. Jaringan Laboratorium Medis, 01(01), 34–37.

World Health Organization (2013). Global Tuberculosis Control. Geneva : 2013




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jlm.v4i2.8552

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 114
Download PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) : 53

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Jaringan Laboratorium Medis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

--

OFFICE INFORMATION :

Jurusan Analis Kesehatan - Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang, http://analis.poltekkes-smg.ac.id Jl. Wolter Monginsidi No. 115 Pedurungan Tengah, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia ; Telp./Fax: (024)6723014 Email: jlm@poltekkes-smg.ac.id

Statcounter  Lisensi Creative Commons Jaringan Laboratorium Medis disseminated below Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Our Related Accounts :

 

  
MoU PATELKIISSN LIPIGoogle ScholarGarudaStat CounterDOI Crossref  

 

Jaringan Laboratorium Medis © 2019