Overview of HIV Test Results on Donor Blood

Bagus Triatmojo

Abstract


HIV cases in Jepara District in recent years have demanded the handling of several aspects simultaneously including the Blood Transfusion Unit (BTU). HIV can be transmitted through blood transfusion or other blood products. BTU of PMI Jepara Regency carries out recruitment of voluntary donor from Jepara society. The HIV examination as part of an IMLTD screening test is done for safety of donor blood. The HIV examination in all donor blood uses rapid and elisa method. Examination results are stated as reactive and non reactive. Research objective to find out the description of HIV examination results in donor blood at the BTU of PMI Kabupaten Jepara in 2019. Research method the research type was descriptive using records of donor data at BTU of PMI Kabupaten Jepara in 2019. The examination results of reactive HIV in 12 donor blood (0,08%). non-reactive blood donor of HIV  in age groups < 18 years, 18-24, 25-44, 45-59, and ≥ 60 years respectively 9,55%, 22,39%, 51,75%, 16,01% and 0,21%. Reactive HIV in age groups 18-24, 25-44, and 45-59 years were 0,034%, 0,034%, and 0,13%. Non-reactive HIV in men 68,22% and in women 31,70%. Reactive HIV in men 0,07%, and women 0,01%. Non-reactive HIV in voluntary donor blood was 99,779% and substitute donor was 0,127%. HIV of reactive voluntary donor blood was 0,074%, and substitute donor was 0,007%. HIV filter test is indispensable for blood safety because the age, gender and blood type of donors have the potential for reactive HIV.


Keywords


HIV ; blood donors ; PMI

References


Aminah, S. (2015). HIV Reaktif pada Calon Donor Darah di Unit Donor Darah (UDD) Pembina Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) Provinsi Lampung dan Unit Transfusi Darah PMI RSUD Pringsewu tahun 2010 – 2014. Lampung. Jurnal Analis Kesehatan, 4(2), 427–435.

Astuti, W. D., dan Laksono, A. D. (2013). Keamanan Darah Di Indonesia Potret Keamanan Transfusi Darah di Daerah Tertinggal, Perbatasan dan Kepulauan. Surabaya: Health Advocacy.

Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Jepara. (2019). Profil Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Jepara Tahun 2018.

Febrina, Riry. (2018). Human Immunodeficiency Virus – Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome dengan Sarkoma Kaposi Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. 2018; 7(Supplement 3)

Hutapea. (2011). AIDS & PMS dan Perkosaan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2016). Situasi dan Analisis HIV AIDS di Indonesia. Pusat Data dan Informasi. Jakarta

Koraag, J. F. (2010). Berbagi Nyawa, Hidup Bahagia dengan Berdonor Darah. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Marwa.

R, Marlina. (2018). Karakteristik Pendonor Darah dengan HIV Reaktif Positif Melalui Rapid Test HIV Tiga Metode. Global Medical and Health Communication. Vol. 6 (1) Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Methodist Indonesia. Medan

Naroeni, A. (2009). Karakterisasi Galur HIV Indonesia Dari Donor Darah dengan Hasil Uji Serologi HIV Indeterminate. Makara Kesehatan. Vol 13 (1).15-21

Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 83 Tahun 2014 Tentang Unit Transfusi Darah, Bank Darah Rumah Sakit, dan Jejaring Pelayanan Transfusi Darah. Diakses pada tanggal 1 April 2020 dari https://www.kemhan.go.id/itjen/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/bn36-2016.pdf

Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 91 tahun 2015 tentang Standar Pelayanan Tranfusi Darah. Jakarta. Diakses tanggal 1 April 2020 . http://hukor.kemkes.go.id/uploads/produk_hukum/PMK_No._91_ttg_Standar_Transfusi_Pelayanan_Darah_.pdf

Ratih, W. (2012). Strategi Pemeriksaan Laboratorium Anti HIV. Jurnal Farmasi Sains dan Komunitas, Vol 9(2). 98-103

Suryani, Ulfah. (2015). Metode Nucleic Acid Test Untuk Uji Saring Virus Hepatitis B Pada Darah Donor Dengan Hepatitis B Occult. Jurnal Biotek Medisiana Indonesia. Vol 4(2)

Yaqin, A. A. (2017). Transfusi Darah. Retrieved 04/01/2020 from https://www.academia.edu/10329743/transfusidarah




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jlm.v2i1.7032

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 383
Download PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) : 230

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jaringan Laboratorium Medis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

--

OFFICE INFORMATION :

Jurusan Analis Kesehatan - Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang, http://analis.poltekkes-smg.ac.id Jl. Wolter Monginsidi No. 115 Pedurungan Tengah, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia ; Telp./Fax: (024)6723014 Email: jlm@poltekkes-smg.ac.id

Statcounter  Lisensi Creative Commons Jaringan Laboratorium Medis disseminated below Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Our Related Accounts :

 

  
MoU PATELKIISSN LIPIGoogle ScholarGarudaStat CounterDOI Crossref  

 

Jaringan Laboratorium Medis © 2019