ANALISIS SITUASI DAN OPTIMALISASI PELAKSANAAN METODE ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN PRIMER DI RS ANAK DAN BUNDA DI JAKARTA

Tri Nurani Orienti, Agustin Indracahyani, Lilis Rayatin

Abstract


Asuhan keperawatan primer dikembangkan untuk mengurangi fragmentasi perawatan pasien, dan meningkatkan status profesional keperawatan. Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi faktor yang berkontribusi terhadap belum optimalnya pelaksanaan metode keperawatan primer. Penelitian deskriptif analisis dengan menggunakan Fishbone Analysis. Sampel diambil secara purposive sample pada salah satu instalasi di rumah sakit anak dan bunda di Jakarta. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, observasi, penyebaran kuesioner, dan data sekunder (telusur dokumentasi). Penelitian ini menganalisis lima komponen yang berkontribusi terhadap belum optimalnya metode asuhan keperawatan primer yaitu Man, Methode, Managemen, Materials, dan Machine. Hasil analisis menunjukkan masih kurangnya pemahaman/tingkat pengetahuan staf keperawatan tentang metode keperawatan primer. Kualifikasi pendidikan formal dan kompetensi staf keperawatan yang belum sesuai. Peran dan fungsi manajemen yang belum optimal, dan pengembangan teknologi keperawatan yang belum memadai. Sumber daya manusia merupakan faktor yang dominan terutama tingkat pengetahuan dan pemahaman primer, Upaya yang dapat dilakukan dengan peningkatan pengetahuan dan pemahaman staf keperawatan yang di update secara berkala, meningkatkan peran informasional tentang primary nursing care dan meningkatkan fungsi staffing, actuating, dan controlling dari manajer keperawatan. 


Keywords


fish bone analysis ; metode asuhan keperawatan primer ; perawat primer

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/link.v15i2.4790

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