Self-Concept Related to Stress in PLWHA

Jek Amidos Pardede, Cut Inten Balqis, Galvani Volta Simanjuntak

Abstract


Background: HIV / AIDS is an infectious disease that is very dangerous and deadly. So that the self-concept of HIV / AIDS patients sees themselves negatively and causes stress.

Purpose: This study aims to determine the relationship between self-concept and stress in PLWHA.

Methods: The design of this research is correlation analytic with a cross-sectional approach. The population of this study was all HIV / AIDS patients who were in Posyansus at RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan. The sampling technique was purposive sampling technique and obtained 39 patients. The data collection tool used a questionnaire that had been tested for validity and reliability, for the self-concept questionnaire as many as 15 statements with a value of r = 0.903 with a Cronbach's Alpha value of 0.914 and stress using the DASS 42 questionnaire consisting of 42 statements with a value of r = 0.916 with a Cronbach's Alpha value of 0.948 . The test used for data analysis was the Chi-Square test with a p-value <0.05.

Results: The results showed that the majority of self-concept was positive (92.2%) and the majority of stress was mild (51.3%) and the p-value = 0.029 <0.05.

Conclusion: In conclusion, there is a significant relationship between self-concept and stress in PLWHA.


Keywords


PLWHA, self-concept, stress

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jnj.v4i2.6532

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