Erythrocyte Index Levels in Metal Smelters Based on Literature Studies

Widhi Ulya Syamputri

Abstract


The metal smelting industry tends to have high air Pb levels exceeding the threshold determined by the CDC is 100 g/m3. The smelting dust particles are Pb and SO2 circulating in the air along with combustion fumes is very possible to be inhaled by metal smelters who do not wear proper personal protective equipment. High levels of Pb The air inhaled by metal smelters can affect the health level of workers, one of which is the disruption of the erythropoiesis process which can cause abnormal erythrocyte index levels. This study aims to determine the description of erythrocyte index levels in metal smelters based on literature studies. This research is an observational qualitative research through a literature review approach, with data collection methods that use secondary data from several related scientific journals. Secondary data analysis is descriptive and presented in tabular form. Based on the results of research from three related scientific journals, the average level of the erythrocyte index in metal smelting workers is normochromic normocytic with an average length of work of more than 3.89 years, workers who smoke as much as 78% and those who do not smoke as much as 22%, workers who using PPE as much as 56% and 44% who do not use PPE.


Keywords


Erythrocyte Index ; Metal Smelting ; Lead Metal (Pb)

References


Hsieh,dkk. (2017). Anemia Risk In Relation To Lead Exposure In Lead-Related Manufacturing. Departement Of Bioenviron Mental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University: BMC Public Health 17:389. Diakses melalui https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ pada April 2020.

Istikomah, Nurika Siti, Aris Santjaka, Dan Zaeni Budiono. (2016). Beberapa Determinan Yang Mempengaruhi Kadar Timah Hitam (Pb) Dalam Darah Pekerja Peleburan AKI Di Insudtri Peleburan AKI Di Perkampungan Industri Kecil (PIK) Desa Kebasen Kecamatan Talang Kabupaten Tegal Tahun 2016. Purwokerto: Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang.

Kahar, F., & Rondonuwu, F. (2019). Identifikasi Formalin pada Jajanan Siomay. Jaringan Laboratorium Medis, 1(2), 66–70. https://doi.org/10.31983/jlm.v1i2.5450.

Kinoush, dkk. (2013). Clinical, Toxicological, Biochemical, and Hematologic Parameters in Lead Exposed Workers of a Car Battery Industry. Mashhad University of Medical Sciences : IJMS Vol 38 No. diakses melalui https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ pada Mei 2020.

Maskinah, E., Suhartono & Nur E. W. (2016). Hubungan Kadar Timbal dalam Darah dengan Jumlah Eritrosit pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia. 15 : 42-45.

Mawardi, M, Onny Setiani, Suhartono. (2013). Hubungan Kadar Timah Hitam (Pb) dengan Kadar Albumin dalam Darah dan Kejadian Anemia (Studi pada Pekerja Peleburan Timah di Perkmpungan Industri Kecil (PIK) Kebasen Kab. Tegal). Diakses melalui https://ejournal.undip.ac.id pada Oktober 2019.

Nurliyani, dkk. (2017). Peran Susu & Produk Susu Pada Sistem Imun Tubuh.Yogyakarta: Universitas Gajah Mada.

Oky, Sahana dan Sri. (2015). Hubungan Asupan Mikronutrien Dengan Kadar Hemoglobin Pada Wanita Usia Subur. Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga e.journal.

Pratiwi, Lisa (2012). Perbedaan Kadar Hemoglobin Darah Pada Kelompok Polisi Lalu Lintas Yang Terpapar Dan Tidak Terpapar Timbal Di Wilayah Polres Jakarta Selatan. Semarang: FKM Universitas Diponegoro. Diakses melalui https://ejournal.undip.ac.id

Rustanti I., Mahawati, E. (2011). Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kadar Timbal (Pb) Dalam Darah Pada Sopir Angkutan Umum Jurusan Karang Ayau Penggaron Di Kota Semarang. Semarang: Universitas Dian Nuswantoro. Diakses melalui media https://media.neliti.com pada September 2019.

Sari, L. P. (2020). Gambaran Kadar Pb ( TIMBAL ) dalam Urine pada Pekerja Peleburan Logam di Perkampungan Industri Kecil ( PIK ). Jaringan Laboratorium Medis, 02(02), 97–103.

Sari, M. R. (2020). Profil Kadar Kadmium ( Cd ) Dalam Urine pada Perokok Aktif Profile of Cadmium ( Cd ) Levels in Urine in Active Smokers. Junal Laboratorium Medis, 02(01), 37–41.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jlm.v3i1.7960

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 79
Download PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) : 88

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jaringan Laboratorium Medis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

--

OFFICE INFORMATION :

Jurusan Analis Kesehatan - Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang, http://analis.poltekkes-smg.ac.id Jl. Wolter Monginsidi No. 115 Pedurungan Tengah, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia ; Telp./Fax: (024)6723014 Email: jlm@poltekkes-smg.ac.id

Statcounter  Lisensi Creative Commons Jaringan Laboratorium Medis disseminated below Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Our Related Accounts :

 

  
MoU PATELKIISSN LIPIGoogle ScholarGarudaStat CounterDOI Crossref  

 

Jaringan Laboratorium Medis © 2019