EFEKTIFITAS PEMBERIAN BUAH APEL MANALAGI DENGAN DOSIS BERVARIASI TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE II DI KELOMPOK PROLANIS PUSKESMAS GENUK KOTA SEMARANG

Natanya Ayuhapsari, Wiwik Wijaningsih, Mohammad Jaelani

Abstract


Background  :Diabetes mellitus is a carbohydrate metabolism disorder characterized by an increased in blood glucose levels due to abnormal / decreased insulin work. Diet for people with diabetes mellitus is a food with a balanced composition between carbohydrates, protein, fat and fiber. Water soluble fiber namely pectin in apples is able to slowing the entry of glucose in the body.

 

Objective  : To know the effectiveness of giving apple manalagi with varying dose to decrease blood glucose level in type II diabetes mellitus in prolanis group of Puskesmas Genuk Semarang.

 

Method: This research includes true experimental research with Randomized Pretest Posttest Control Group design and Complete Randomized Design study. Randomized sampling was 24 people for 4 treatment groups. Data collected were identity data, anthropometry, fasting blood glucose level and recall fiber intake by interview method and questionnaire. Result of analysis with One-Way ANOVA and ANOVA Repeated measure with α = 0,05.

 

Result:There was a difference between fasting glucose levels before and after treatment in each treatment group (p=0,000). The most effective dose in lowering blood glucose levels is 2 x 200 grams.

 

Conclusion: Giving of apples manalagi with a dose of 2 x 200 grams more effectively compared with a dose of 2 x 150 grams and 2 x 100 grams lowered fasting blood glucose levels in the study subjects. Apples manalagi can be used to help control blood glucose in diabetics.

Keywords


apple manalagi consumption, fasting blood glucose, diabetes mellitus type II

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31983/jrg.v6i2.4298

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