Pengaruh Pendampingan Dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Terhadap Penerapan Protokol Kesehatan Dan Menyikat Gigi Malam Hari Pada Masa Pandemi (Sistem Monitoring Melalui Daring)

Endah Aryati Ekoningtyas, Hermien Nugraheni, Benni Benyamin

Abstract


Community empowerment is an effort to provide power (empowerment) or strengthening (strengthening) to the community. Community empowerment is defined as the ability of individuals in the community forum to build community empowerment which aims to find new alternatives in community development. During a pandemic, family participation as a promotive, preventive and preventive approach is needed through the role of one family member to become mentoring whom a role model for the family to break the chain of Covit-19 disease. The research objective was to determine the effectiveness of the development of counseling through community empowerment with the approach of establishing Kader Mandiri Keluarga (KMK) as "Self-Screening Supervisor to Healthy and Night Toothbrushes".

The analytical method used is descriptive quantitative, with a sample of 20 mother as a supervisor that representing 20 families. The implementation stages begin with socialization and counseling on the application of a lifestyle as a link breaker in the Covid-19 disease chain. Then every week for a month, questionnaires were distributed about the behavior of implementing health protocols and the behavior of brushing teeth before going to bed at night using a google form which was monitored every week via the WhatsApp group.

The differences in behavior changes in control of healthy teeth maintenance from week 1, 2, 3 and week 4 were analyzed using the statistical test used, namely the Friedmen test. The results of the activity showed that there was a significant change in behavior in relation to brushing your teeth for 2 minutes and brushing your teeth before going to bed from week 1, 2, 3 to week 4 (p: <0.05). The role of mentoring activities as an effort to empower the community plays a role in improving and changing general health and dental behavior. The obstacle faced by the facilitator is that it is still difficult to change the mindset of the community in order to be more independent and not depend on the assistant..

 

Keywords : Mentoring, KMK, supervisors, behavior change


Keywords


Mentoring; KMK, supervisors; behavior change

Full Text:

PDF

References


Paules CI, Marston HD, Fauci AS. Coronavirus Infections—More Than Just the Common Cold. JAMA. 2020;323(8):707–708. doi: 10.1001/ jama.2020.0757

Zhou P, Yang X, Wang X, et al. A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature. 579, 270–273 (2020). doi: 10.1038/s41586-020-2012-7

Roy CJ, Milton DK. Airborne transmission of communicable infection--the elusive pathway. N Engl J Med 2004;350(17):1710-2.

Liu T, Hu J, Kang M, Lin L, Zhong H, Xiao J, et al. Transmission dynamics of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). bioRxiv. [Preprint] 2020. [cited 14 February 2020] Available from: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.01.25.919787

Chan JF-W, Yuan S, Kok K-H, To KK-W, Chu H, Yang J, et al. A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person-to-person transmission: a study of a family cluster. Lancet. 2020;395(10223):P514-23.

Handayani, D., Hadi, D. R., Isbaniah, F., Burhan, E., & Agustin, H. (2020). Penyakit Virus Corona 2019. J Respir Indo. 40(2):119-129.

World Health Organization. Clinical management of severe acute respiratory infection when novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection is suspected. Geneva: WHO, 2020.

Direktorat Jenderal Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Penyakit (P2P) Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Pedoman Kesiapsiagaan Menghadapi Infeksi Novel Coronavirus (2019- nCoV). Available from: https://covid19.kemkes.go.id/downloads/#.Xtva kWgzbIU [Accessed 30 January 2020]

Totok Mardikanto, Poerwoko Soebiato. 2015. Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, Bandung: Alfabeta.

Donni, Juni. 2016. Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia. Alfabeta. Bandung

Potter dan Perry., 2010. Fundamental Keperawatan Buku 3. Edisi 7. Jakarta : Salemba Medika.

Walsh, L. J. (2008). Clinical aspects of salivary biology for dental clinician. Journal of minimum Intervention in dentistry .

Sariningsih, E. (2012). Merawat Gigi Anak Sejak Usia Dini. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jkg.v7i2.6551

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi (p-ISSN: 2407-0866 e-ISSN: 2621-3664), is published by Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang, Jl. Tirto Agung, Pedalangan, Banyumanik, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia, 50268 Telp./Fax: (024) 7471276.

Find us on : Instagram, Facebook

Abstracted/Indexed by:


View My Stats
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License