Teknik 3D Conformal Radioterapi (3DCRT) Pada Keganasan Sinus Paranasal Dengan Modalitas Linac

Fitri Agustina, Jeffri Ardiyanto, Siti Masrochah

Abstract


Background: Radiotherapy is a radiation therapy action using ionizing radiation. To obtain the maximum dose of radiation in the tumour and the lowest possible dose on critical organs required a technique of radiation technique 3 Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy (3DCRT). Radiotherapy Unit Radiology Installation Dr Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta using 3DCRT technique. This research aims to know the radiotherapy procedure on paranasal sinus cancer using 3DCRT technique, to know the implementation of bolus beam modifier and dose optimization with the addition of electron radiation.

Methods: The type of research in this thesis is qualitative research with case study approach. The research was conducted at Radiotherapy Unit Radiology Installation Dr Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta after published Ethical Clearance.  Methods of data collection in this study are observation, interviews, and documentation.

Result: The results of this study indicate that the radiotherapy procedure in paranasal sinus cancer using 3DCRT technique can produce a homogeneous dose distribution, the implementation of bolus beam modifier is capable of generating dosage homogeneity on uneven target surfaces, and the distribution of doses with electron radiation on the target in the surface area can be optimal.

Conclusion: With these techniques, the goal of radiotherapy can be achieved is to give the maximum dose in the tumour and the minimum dose possible in healthy tissue located in the vicinity.


Keywords


3DCRT; Bolus; Electron Radiation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aird, EGA and Conway J. 2014. CT simulation for radiotherapy treatment planning.(online),(http://www.birpublications.org/doi/full/10.1259/bjr.75.900.750937 diakses pada tanggal 20 Desember 2016 )

Agussalim, dr. 2006. Tumor Sinonasal. [cited on April 4th 2013], Available from :http://repository.usu.ac.id/bitstream/123456789 /24571/.../Chapter%20II.pdf Universitas Sumatera Utara

Bayu Lesmono, 2015, Tumor Sinonasal, Referat onkologi, Fakultas kedokteran UNPAD, Bandung,

Beyzadeoglu, Murat, 2010, Basic Radiation Oncology, Springer Heidelberg Dordrecht, New York,

Carrau RL, MD. 2013, Malignant Tumor of the Nasal Cavity and Sinuses, Available from : http://emedicine.medscape.com/article /846995-overview#showall

Dhingra P, 2010, Anatomy of Nose. in : Disease of Ear, Nose, and Throat, 4th editionI. Elsevier. p 130-5,141,165, india

Khan F, Reinstein LE, Podgorsak MB, 2014, Treatment Planning in Radiation Oncology: Patient Positioning and Immobilization, 2nd.Ed, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

NN 1, 2017, American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2011, Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancers, [cited on April 4th 2013]. Available from : http://www. cancer.net/cancer-types/nasal-cavity-and-paranasal-sinus-cancer, USA.NN 2, 2017, http://k-sience.blogspot.co.id/2016/03/prinsip-kerja-akselerator-linier-linac.html

Roezin A, Armiyanto, 2007, Tumor Hidung dan Sinonasal. dalam : Buku Ajar Ilmu Kesehatan Telinga Hidung Tenggorokan Kepala & Leher: edisi 6. Soepardi EA, Iskandar N, Bashiruddin J, Restuti RD, editor, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia. hal : 178-81, Jakarta

Siregar, BH, 2005, Head and Neck, Breast, Soft Tissue, Skin Tumor,. Oncology Surgery Dept. of Hasanuddin University. hal : 4-19, Makassar

Slomski G, Ph.D. 2002, Paranasal Sinus Cancer, Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer. [cited on April 4th 2013]. Available from : http://www.encyclopedia.com/c/2981-literature-and-arts.html

Surakardja, IDG, 2000, Onkologi Klinik. Fakultas kedokteran Universitas Airlangga/RSUD Dr. Soetomo hal : 85-103, Surabaya.

Susworo, R, 2006, Dasar-Dasar Radioterapi Tata Laksana Radioterapi Penyakit Kanker, Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta

Perez., 2008, Principles and Practice of Radiation Oncology, 5th edition, LW




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jimed.v6i2.5825

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License           

             
JURNAL IMEJING DIAGNOSTIK by http://ejournal.poltekkes-smg.ac.id/ojs/index.php/jimed is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats